Benefits of Vinpocetine: Enhancing Cognitive Functions and Brain Health

Benefits of Vinpocetine

Understanding Cognitive Deterioration

Add Your Heading Text Here

In his renowned work, Mental Illness in the Elderly, Dr. Garcia delineated the crucial cognitive functions as attention, orientation, perception, information fixation, memory, and judgement. Vinpocetine, a natural compound, emerges as a recommendation by healthcare professionals when any of these functions undergo minor or major deterioration:

  • Memory
  • Attention
  • Orientation
  • Perception
  • Information Fixation
  • Judgement

Memory Enhancement with Vinpocetine

Addressing Memory Loss

Memory, deemed by Dr. Garcia as the paramount cognitive function, forms the focus of Vinpocetine’s study. Clinical trials spanning various age groups reveal its efficacy in mitigating memory problems, suggesting its suitability for individuals of all ages:

Clinical Trials with the Elderly

Over a hundred clinical trials, including those with over 20,000 elderly patients, attest to Vinpocetine’s memory-enhancing capabilities. Studies conducted across different nations validate its effectiveness, showcasing notable improvements in memory among participants.

Clinical Trials on Young and Healthy Volunteers

Rigorous clinical trials with young, healthy volunteers underscore Vinpocetine’s positive impact on memory. Double-blind studies conducted by Dr. Hindmarch’s team exhibit significant memory improvements correlated with Vinpocetine dosage.

Beyond Memory: Cognitive Function Enhancement

Lack of Attention/Concentration

While specific scientific tests on attention/concentration are limited, Vinpocetine’s efficacy in enhancing cognitive functions extends to these domains. Clinical assessments such as the SCAG scale indicate notable improvements, warranting Vinpocetine’s recommendation for attention/concentration deficits.

Addressing Other Cognitive Functions

Vinpocetine’s versatility extends to bolstering various cognitive functions beyond memory, encompassing orientation, perception, information fixation, and judgement.

Mechanisms of Action: How Vinpocetine Helps

Restoring Brain Metabolism

Vinpocetine’s efficacy in restoring impaired brain metabolism is substantiated by clinical research. Studies indicate its ability to enhance energy metabolism, contributing to improved brain function even under adverse conditions such as hypoxia or ischemia.

Activating Noradrenaline Nerve Cluster

Vinpocetine’s activation of the noradrenaline nerve cluster in the locus coeruleus presents a pivotal mechanism in combating age-related cognitive decline. By enhancing noradrenaline secretion and neuronal activity, Vinpocetine aids in maintaining cognitive vitality.

Neurotransmitter Modulation

Vinpocetine’s influence on neurotransmitter levels, including noradrenaline, dopamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine, underscores its multifaceted action in optimizing neuronal transmission. These neurotransmitters play critical roles in cognitive processes, reinforcing Vinpocetine’s cognitive enhancement potential.

Unique Advantages of Vinpocetine

Selective Cerebral Vasodilation

Vinpocetine’s unique property as a selective cerebral vasodilator distinguishes it in cerebral circulation management. Its ability to reduce vascular resistance and enhance cerebral blood flow without significant systemic effects underscores its suitability for individuals with cerebral vascular disorders.

Who Can Benefit from Vinpocetine?

  • Baby Boomers: Individuals experiencing early signs of cognitive decline, such as memory loss, can benefit from Vinpocetine’s cognitive enhancement properties.
  • Young Adults: Students and young professionals seeking to optimize cognitive performance can leverage Vinpocetine’s memory-enhancing effects.
  • Anyone Concerned about Brain Health: Vinpocetine offers a safe, low side-effect option for individuals wishing to enhance brain metabolism, vigilance, and cognition.


Vinpocetine emerges as a versatile solution for optimizing cognitive health and addressing age-related cognitive decline. Its multifaceted mechanisms of action, coupled with its proven efficacy across diverse age groups, position it as a valuable asset in promoting cognitive vitality and overall brain health.


B. Vamosi (1976) ”Comparative study of the effect of Ethyl Apovincaminate and Xantinol Nicotinate in cerebrovascular diseases” Arzneim Forsch (drug research) 28,1980-84. Hereafter abbreviated ”A.F. (D.R.)”

C. Nicholson (1990) ”Pharmcology of nootropics and metabolically active compounds in relation to their use in dementia.” Psychopharm 101, 147-59.

K. Biro (1976) ”Protective activity of Ethyl Apovincaminate on ischemic anoxia of the brain” A.F. (D.R.) 28, 1918-20.

H. Olpe et al. (1985) “Locus coeruleus as a target for psychogeriatric agents” Ann N.Y. Acad Sci 444, 399-405.

Gaál, L., Molnár, P. (1990). “Effect of vinpocetine on noradrenergic neurons in rat locus coeruleus” Eur. J. Pharmacol. Oct 23; 187(3), 537-9.

Schlicker, E et al. (1988). “Vinpocetine faciliates noradrenaline release in rat brain cortex slices”. Drug develop. Res. 14, 285-291.

Shibuya, T., Sato, K. (1986). “Effects of Vinpocetine on Experimental Brain Ischemia, Histochemical Study of Brain Monoamines”. Igaku no Ayumi 139 (3), 217-18.

B.Saletu & J. Grunberger (1985) ”Memory dysfunction and vigilance; neurophysiological and psychopharmacological aspects” Ann N.Y Acad. Sci 444, 406-207

A. kaham & M. Olah (1976)”Use of Ethyl Apovincaminate in ophthalmological therapy” A.F. (D.R.) 28, 1969-72.

F. Solti (1976) ”Effect of Ethyl Apovincaminate on cerebral circulation” A.F. (D.R.) 28, 1945-47.

D. Hadjiev and Yancheva (1976) ”Rheoencephalographic and psychological studies with Ethyl Apovincaminate in cerebralvascular insufficiency” A.F. (D.R.) 28, 1947-50.

What is Dementia?

What is dementia


Dementia is a complex condition that affects millions worldwide, impacting memory, thinking, behavior, and the ability to perform everyday tasks. As we delve into this multifaceted topic, let’s explore what dementia entails, its causes, symptoms, and management strategies.

Dementia refers to a group of symptoms associated with a decline in cognitive function that interferes with daily life. It affects memory, reasoning, communication, and the ability to perform routine tasks. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, but there are several other types, including vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal dementia.

Key Points:

  1. Dementia is not a specific disease but rather a syndrome characterized by a decline in cognitive abilities.
  2. Symptoms of dementia vary but often include memory loss, difficulty communicating, impaired judgment, and personality changes.
  3. Alzheimer’s disease is the most prevalent form of dementia, accounting for 60-80% of cases.
  4. Vascular dementia, caused by reduced blood flow to the brain, is the second most common type of dementia.
  5. Lewy body dementia and frontotemporal dementia are less common but equally impactful forms of the condition.

Causes of Dementia

Understanding the underlying causes of dementia is crucial for diagnosis and management. While the exact cause varies depending on the type of dementia, common factors include brain cell damage, genetics, age, and lifestyle factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

Key Points:

  1. Brain cell damage, resulting from diseases like Alzheimer’s or strokes, is a common cause of dementia.
  2. Genetics play a role in some forms of dementia, with certain genes increasing the risk of developing the condition.
  3. Age is a significant risk factor for dementia, with the likelihood of developing the condition increasing as individuals get older.
  4. Lifestyle factors such as smoking, poor diet, lack of exercise, and excessive alcohol consumption can contribute to the development of dementia.
  5. Certain medical conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity are also associated with an increased risk of dementia.

Symptoms of Dementia

Recognizing the signs and symptoms of dementia is crucial for early diagnosis and intervention. While symptoms can vary depending on the type of dementia and the individual, common indicators include memory loss, difficulty communicating, impaired judgment, confusion, and changes in mood or behavior.

Key Points:

  1. Memory loss, particularly short-term memory loss, is a hallmark symptom of dementia.
  2. Difficulty communicating, finding the right words, or following a conversation may indicate cognitive decline.
  3. Impaired judgment and decision-making abilities are common in individuals with dementia.
  4. Confusion and disorientation, especially regarding time, place, or people, are prevalent symptoms.
  5. Changes in mood or behavior, such as increased irritability, anxiety, or depression, may occur in individuals with dementia.

Managing Dementia

While there is currently no cure for dementia, various strategies can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life for affected individuals. Treatment approaches may include medication, cognitive therapy, lifestyle modifications, and support from caregivers and healthcare professionals.

Key Points:

  1. Medications such as cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine may help improve cognitive symptoms and manage behavioral changes in some individuals.
  2. Cognitive therapy, including memory training and cognitive-behavioral therapy, can help individuals with dementia maintain cognitive function and cope with emotional challenges.
  3. Lifestyle modifications such as regular exercise, a balanced diet, social engagement, and intellectual stimulation may help slow the progression of dementia and improve overall well-being.
  4. Support from caregivers, family members, and healthcare professionals is essential for managing the challenges associated with dementia.
  5. Advance care planning, including legal and financial arrangements and discussions about end-of-life care preferences, is crucial for individuals with dementia and their families.


In conclusion, dementia is a complex condition that affects millions of people worldwide, impacting memory, thinking, behavior, and daily functioning. While there is currently no cure for dementia, early diagnosis, and appropriate management strategies can help improve quality of life for affected individuals and their families. By raising awareness, promoting research, and providing support, we can work towards a better understanding of dementia and enhance the lives of those affected by this challenging condition.


What is Vinpocetine (Intelectol®) ?

periwinkle plant vinpocetine

Vinpocetine (Intelectol®) is a synthetic alkaloid derived from the periwinkle plant (specifically, synthesized from the molecule known as ‘vincamine’) that appears to have a track record of usage in European countries for the treatment of cognitive decline, stroke recovery, and epilepsy. Vinpocetine is also commonly used as a nootropic compound in the hopes that it may promote memory formation.

Vinpocetine (Intelectol®) is not fully absorbed, but what is absorbed peaks in the blood rapidly and easily enters the brain where it can exert its functions. The properties that appear to apply to oral vinpocetine supplementation include neuroprotection (against toxins and excess stimulation) and reducing neural inflammation, whereas the cognitive enhancement effect does not appear to be well supported by evidence at this point in time. While vinpocetine does appear to be effective in preventing toxins or stressors from causing amnesia, it is not yet demonstrated to inherently improve memory formation.

Vinpocetine also appears to have some efficacy against cognitive decline, but the amount of literature on this topic is much less than other drugs tested for this purpose (CDP-Choline or Alpha-GPC in particular). At least one study has noted an improvement in reaction time with a 40mg tablet of vinpocetine, which may be one of the only practically relevant improvements for healthy persons at this moment in time.

Infusions of vinpocetine do appear to enhance blood flow to the brain without inherently modifying pressure systemically, and this is thought (but not shown) to apply to oral ingestion. This would potentially reduce headaches caused by excessive pressure, and is in accordance with the traditional usage of the periwinkle plant (to reduce headaches).

Vinpocetine appears to have a role in neuroprotection and reducing neural inflammation, and for healthy persons it may potentially increase blood flow to the brain and improve reaction time (Limited evidence all around). The benefit of vinpocetine in memory formation is not yet proven, but it may protect the brain from amnesia.

It appears to interact with several ion channels (sodium, potassium, and calcium) while tends to result in suppressive effects on neurotransmitter release and neuroprotection when dopamine or glutamate are suppressed (these two, when unnecessarily stimulated by toxins, can cause oxidative damage). It also interacts with alpha adrenergic receptors and the TPSO receptor, and while the exact benefit of these receptor interactions are not clear they are probably relevant since they occur at the same concentrations that the ion channel interactions do.

Vinpocetine is also a PDE1 inhibitor, which is a mechanism that is both cardioprotective and cognitive enhancing. Unfortunately, this inhibition occurs at a fairly large dose and may not apply to standard supplemental dosages of vinpocetine.

Similar to PDE1, an antidopaminergic potential of vinpocetine and direct inhibition of glutaminergic receptors both appear to occur at very high concentrations in vitro and may not be relevant to standard supplementation.

Vinpocetine is likely a modulator of ion channel activity, although there are some receptor interactions on alpha-adrenergic and TSPO that appear to be relevant. Other mechanisms including PDE1 inhibition or hindering glutaminergic/dopaminergic neurotransmission have been noted in vitro but at concentrations which are much higher and thus may not be relevant following oral ingestion of vinpocetine.

  • Vinpocetine has been linked to fetal toxicity in a series of animal studies.
  • Caution in warranted.

How to prevent memory impairment

How to prevent memory impairment

Memory impairment is a common distinctive sign of the aging process. Older people often complain of having trouble to retain irrelevant information. However, there are other memory problems that it is important to pay attention because they can be signs of mild cognitive impairment or dementia, a problem that affects both those who suffer from it and their close environment.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), dementia is a syndrome in which there is deterioration in cognitive function beyond what might be expected from the usual consequences of biological ageing. Although dementia mainly affects older people, it is not an inevitable consequence of ageing.

Currently more than 55 million people live with dementia worldwide, and there are nearly 10 million new cases every year.

Although there is no cure, prevention is essential to control the cognitive impairment. A healthy diet, physical exercise and adequate rest are the three essential bases to enjoy a good functioning of the organism and they are behaviors that help to reduce risk factors. Taking care of ourselves through healthy lifestyle habits is key to minimize the risk of certain diseases, such as it is the case of memory problems, some of which can be prevented or slowed down thanks to aspects as basic as aboved indicated.